A 2012 documentary by the novelist and historian Tom Holland, commissioned by Channel 4 in the UK, it explores the origins of Islam and criticizes the orthodox account of the religions history. Holland argues that there is little evidence to support the conventionally accepted version of history about how and why Islam came about, arguing that Mecca may not have been the birthplace of Muhammad or Islam, and claims that whilst Muhammad was likely a real person that the religion of Islam was in fact invented several decades after his death.
The documentary proved controversial, particularly among the UK’s muslim community, and some 1200 complaints were made to the regulatory body Ofcom after it was broadcast. Channel 4 had planned to screen the documentary at their headquarters but cancelled after threats. Reviews in the media were mixed.